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W19: Sketching Techniques

1 Define, in your own words, the printmaking terms and

2 Find examples on the Internet to represent each of those terms

Wood engraving

Wood engraving is like a stamp made out of wood. You take a piece of hardwood and carve out the desired pattern. After you are finished with the wooden piece you put ink on it and transfer it to paper either by a press or by hand.


Linocut is like the wood engraving a carved-out-block that works like a stamp, but instead of wood, the material is linoleum.


Etching is when lines or areas are incised into a metal plate using acid. This is to hold the ink. The ink on the plate is pushed into the grooves before being printed off on a press.


Drypoint is similar to etching, but the tools and method is a little bit different. Drypoint uses a plate in copper, acetate, zinc or plexiglas. A needle of sharp metal or diamond is used to incise the image into the plate.


Engraving is when you use a tool called burin to make grooves into a hard, flat surface – usually copper or another metal plate. The plate is then inked up and printed off.


Lithography is when you use a flat limestone or smooth metal plate. You make the print by drawing with a greasy substance like oil, fat or wax on a smooth and flat limestone plate. The ink will not stay on the greasy parts, and therefore it creates a negative drawing.


Screen-printing, or silkscreen printing is when you use a mesh to transfer ink/dye onto a substrate. To prevent the ink from reaching certain areas of the paper, masks are made up. Coloured inks are then pushed through a fine silk screen using a rubber squeegee. You can use many colours on one design, but they have to be printed one at a time.

A. Ink. B. Squeegee. C. Image. D. Photo-emulsion. E. Screen. F. Printed image


Monoprinting can be made with different printmaking techniques, such as lithography, woodcut and etching. The difference is that monoprints are only made once, so that they become more special and unique. Another type of monoprinting is when you draw ink on a plate of glass. It is then printed off without using a press.

Digital printing

Digital printing is the type of printing technique that is more common today. It can be used to produce limited edition, digital fine-art prints.

3 Use your graphite, eraser, eraser putty and blending stub to sketch spheres using the following techniques: hatching and cross hatching, blending, rendering, squiggly lines and cross contour lines (please scan your sketches and upload them to your blog)

I chose to draw with three different graphite pencils: 2H, B and 2B.

5 Find a poem that inspires you. Follow the exercise in the lesson and illustrate your poem.

“Dreams” by Langston Hughes

Hold fast to dreams

For if dreams die

Life is a broken-winged bird

That cannot fly.

Hold fast to dreams

For when dreams go

Life is a barren field

Frozen with snow.

Drawing of the poem (first draft to final drawing)