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W22-23: Studio Lighting

Question 1

1. Name three lighting sources and their functions.

Continuous Lighting: Basic lights that you can find at home, like tungsten bulbs, fluorescent lights, LEDs and HMI lights.

Studio flash (flash guns or speed lights): These are external flash units that can be attached to the camera or mounted off-camera. The flash gun boosts the flash-range of on-camera flash.

Studio strobes: The studio strobes operates independent of the camera, and they are large and powerful. There can be multiple studio strobes attached to one power pack and their flashes are controlled by knobs on the power pack.

2. Name two light modifiers and explain the difference between them.

Umbrellas and softboxes are used to soften the light in a studio. The difference between them is that the light from soxtboxes are more controlled than umbrellas.

3. Draw a diagram of and describe the three-point lighting setup.

The key light is the main light source and is placed at a 45 degree angle from the camera. The fill light is placed on the opposite side of the key light and is normally half as bright as the key light. The back light is placed behind the subject to add depth to the porttrait.

Question 2

1. Draw three studio setups for the following subject matters and list all the equipment that you would use to light your subjects:

  • Portrait
  • Fashion
  • Beauty

Portrait: Key light and reflector

Fashion: Key light in the front (softbox), back light behind the model to create outlines.

Beauty: Key light (softbox), fill light (softbox) and reflector.

2. In a magazine or on the Internet, find one fashion shot, a beauty shot and a portrait shot and explain how you think the lighting was set up in each shot.

I think the pictures in this task is shot the way i illustrated in the question above.




Question 3

Take some portrait shots and pay specific attention to the lighting you use. Do one shot with soft lighting and one with more dramatic, harder lighting. It would be beneficial to hire studio lighting, but if you can’t, you may use natural light, reflectors and your camera’s flash.

Soft light

Hard light

Question 4

Choose a portrait photograph from the ones you took in Question 3. Create a unique movie poster for a fictional fantasy movie of your choice. Make use of different backgrounds and editing techniques you have learned.

I chose to take another picture that I took during the same photo shoot. This is the picture before editing:

This is the picture/movie poster after editing in Lightroom and Photoshop: